Cacti Part 9 ~ Button Cacti

This small genus contains only 24 species, two of which live in the Trans-Pecos. Both are small, globose plants ranging from ½–1½ inches in diameter. Both contain toxins that protect them from being eaten.

Common Button Cactus (Epithelantha micromeris)

The Common Button Cactus prefers rocky places at 1,5005,600 feet elevation. It is a fuzzy white ball with 2040 slender, straight, slightly overlooking spines per areole. It blooms from February to April.

_MG_2910-Epithelantha micromeris var micromeris

The flowers of this plant are the smallest of any cactus species in the Trans-Pecos. They are tiny and pinkish with red to brownish midstripes, usually quite distinct. Filaments are red to yellow, anthers pink to creamy yellow and stigmas white. The spines on the apex may have dark tips.

The fruits are small, red, and shaped like little clubs.

Boke’s Button Cactus (Epithelantha bokei)

The Common Button Cactus is usually pretty spherical. But Boke’s Button Cactus usually has a flat top. Boke’s areoles grow 3050 radial spines. And while the Common Button Cactus’ spines are roughly overlapping, Boke’s are all appressed with little overlap.

Boke’s Button Cactus blooms between May and June. They flowers are white to very pale pink; sometimes the tepals will have pink to middle green midstripes. All other parts are similarly pale and variable.

Epithelantha bokei_cultivar4_1_2

Overall Appearance

Though the two plants are similar, it easy to tell the difference if you can see them side by side. Boke’s Button Cactus looks, and feels smooth – no errant central spines arise from the surface to give the plant a prickly feel. The Common Button Cactus spines are fewer and less organized than Boke’s, and the elevated spines give this plant a slightly more prickly feel.

Another difference lies in the way the two plants deal with drought. The Common Button Cactus simply shrinks when dry, but Boke’s Button Cactus starts shrinking at the top. Later, when rains arrive, the Common Button Cactus swells and appears to “grow” bigger whereas Boke’s Button Cactus resumes growth but does not expand the drought ring. This leaves bands of the plant that are slightly smaller than the rest. It can look almost like frozen custard without the cone.

_MG_5709-14

I photographed this plant on a hill just east of the Big Bend Ranch State Park.

 

About aneyefortexas

Retired writer/teacher/photographer, now photographing the Chihuahuan Desert at the Big Bend Ranch State Park, Texas.
This entry was posted in Big Bend Ranch State Park, cacti, Plants, Texas. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s